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How do I determine the current timezone in the format America/Los_Angeles (for example) [closed]

asked 2012-08-31 13:44:42 -0500

sgordon gravatar image

I am writing a bash script which generates a kickstart file, which is in turn used to start a virtual machine hosted on the local system. One of the options specified in the kickstart is the timezone for the guest to use in the format:

timezone America/Toronto

How do I determine what the current timezone of the machine on which the script is run is, in the above format. I have already looked at:

  • date, which has options to return the timezone but only in numeric formats.
  • tzselect, which returns the correct format but requires user interaction to 'tell' it what the desired timezone is.
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Closed for the following reason the question is answered, right answer was accepted by Akshay
close date 2013-10-27 10:55:25.384406

4 Answers

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answered 2012-08-31 21:52:19 -0500

jmt gravatar image

Take a look at /etc/sysconfig/clock

    # The time zone of the system is defined by the contents of /etc/localtime.
    # This file is only for evaluation by system-config-date, do not rely on its
    # contents elsewhere.
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/etc/sysconfig/clock doesn't exist on my fresh Fedora 19 install.

Stewart Smith gravatar imageStewart Smith ( 2013-07-04 07:06:05 -0500 )edit

answered 2012-09-02 03:02:09 -0500

FranciscoD_ gravatar image

updated 2013-07-04 09:38:48 -0500

Have you tried

date +%Z

On my machine, it gives this:

[ankur@ankur ~]$ date +%Z

which looks like what you need?

BTW, this answer was given by google using the keywords "Linux find timezone" ;)


Enter timedatectl

[asinha@localhost  ~]$ timedatectl
      Local time: Fri 2013-07-05 00:36:54 EST
  Universal time: Thu 2013-07-04 14:36:54 UTC
        Timezone: Australia/Sydney (EST, +1000)
     NTP enabled: yes
NTP synchronized: yes
 RTC in local TZ: no
      DST active: no
 Last DST change: DST ended at
                  Sun 2013-04-07 02:59:59 EST
                  Sun 2013-04-07 02:00:00 EST
 Next DST change: DST begins (the clock jumps one hour forward) at
                  Sun 2013-10-06 01:59:59 EST
                  Sun 2013-10-06 03:00:00 EST
[asinha@localhost  ~]$

Does that help? It even shows the next DST change etcetra.

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timedatectl status | grep "zone" | sed -e 's/^[ ]Time zone: (.) (.*)$/\1/g'`

rocketraman gravatar imagerocketraman ( 2016-09-13 16:20:23 -0500 )edit

answered 2013-07-04 07:04:36 -0500

Stewart Smith gravatar image

updated 2013-07-04 07:05:14 -0500

This is the snippet of Perl code I've used that should work both on Debian/Ubuntu and Fedora. Well... it works on my Fedora this evening and it worked on my Ubuntu this morning :)

my $SYSTZ="/etc/timezone";
my $local_timezone;
if (-f $SYSTZ)
  open(LOCALZONE,"$SYSTZ"); $local_timezone = <LOCALZONE>; chomp
  $local_timezone; close(LOCALZONE);
elsif (-f '/etc/localtime')
  $local_timezone = readlink '/etc/localtime';
  $local_timezone =~ s/.*zoneinfo\///;
  die "Can't find current local time zone :("
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answered 2013-10-24 20:17:43 -0500

lsatenstein gravatar image

All of this is most interesting, but does not work. I have a requirement to take the mtime from the stat() function call, and determine the date and time (to the nearest minute) Since I am in EST, with daylight savings in effect, my time is actually -4*3600 seconds too fast from UTC. MY Unix system has the TZ variable that appears to be formatted as: "EST5EDT,M3,2,0,M11.1.2"

EST is our zone, 5 is the hours behind UTC, and EDT says we have daylight saving time as being in effect from month 3, day 2 midnight, and it terminates on month 11, day 1, at 2 am. (DST=March2,midnight -- November11,2am.

What automated Fedora function does this? I am going to ask this as a question, since TZ should be set at boot time. Note: for the beginning string there are commas, and for the closing dates, there are dots.

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Asked: 2012-08-31 13:44:42 -0500

Seen: 2,339 times

Last updated: Oct 24 '13