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How to backup my files

asked 2015-12-05 18:55:05 -0500

eron_ee gravatar image

Can you give me a simple solution on how to backup my computer? I need a step-by-step instructions, and an explanation on how the codes work. I am a newbie in Linux.

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answered 2015-12-05 19:39:36 -0500

sideburns gravatar image

Welcome to ask.fedora. Backing up your computer is, of course, very important, and there are many ways to do it. My personal method is to use the program backintime, available from the standard Fedora repositories. It acts as a GUI frontend to the standard Linux program rsync and if your backup media is properly formatted, it uses hard links to represent files that haven't changed since your last backup to save both time and space. Right now, I have a 16 GB flash drive formatted ext4 with 25.6GB of backups and 8.3GB of freespace, representing about two years of sporadic backups. (This doesn't work with the default VFAT format because it doesn't support Linux-style links.)

Currently, I back up my home folder and a few folders elsewhere that also have personal files, but not my system files as it would be easier to re-install from scratch and restore my backup. There are a number of other backup systems, some based on rsync, some not, and I'm sure that others here will be more than happy to give you more suggestions.

Good luck with your new system, and let us know which backup program you select and how it all works out.

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Please, tell me, how can I do back up OS environment and recovery it. For example, acronis software is can create back up of disk C: and restore it. But acronis is not-free software and only for Windows / Mac (((

aqw gravatar imageaqw ( 2015-12-06 03:55:17 -0500 )edit

All of the software listed in the various answers are free.

sideburns gravatar imagesideburns ( 2015-12-06 12:37:50 -0500 )edit

I have another question. Is the Fedora repositories your talking about is GNOME package? I can't seem to find backintime in the preinstalled application 'GNOME Software' and Deja Dup also.

eron_ee gravatar imageeron_ee ( 2015-12-06 23:49:31 -0500 )edit

Backintime isn't part of the default installation; you have to install it. If you're using Gnome, you'll probably want backintime-common.noarch and backintime-gnome.noarch.

sideburns gravatar imagesideburns ( 2015-12-07 00:17:12 -0500 )edit

Why didn't you recommend Deja Dup? It's recommended in Fedora Help.

eron_ee gravatar imageeron_ee ( 2015-12-07 02:56:19 -0500 )edit

answered 2015-12-05 21:25:24 -0500

subpop gravatar image

There's also deja-dup, also available in the Fedora repositories. It's a GUI front end for duplicity, which is in turn a command-line program wrapping rsync. deja-dup will back up to network file shares, or even an Amazon S3 bucket if you have one.

Install deja-dup and backintime and try both. That's the best part about open source software!

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I like deja-dup better, because backintime-gnome does not support ssh-ed25519 keys, because it uses gnome-keyring-daemon internally. And backintime-kde wants the root password.

mithrial gravatar imagemithrial ( 2015-12-06 10:01:48 -0500 )edit

Are you using it to back up system files, or just your own?

sideburns gravatar imagesideburns ( 2015-12-06 12:38:29 -0500 )edit

Just personal files. I suppose keeping a copy of /etc would be a good idea too, but I make very few customizations there, so I don't really need a system backup. I also use a combination of rcm ( ) and a git repository to keep a backup of all my dotfiles.

subpop gravatar imagesubpop ( 2015-12-06 23:09:50 -0500 )edit

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Asked: 2015-12-05 18:55:05 -0500

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Last updated: Dec 05 '15