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Is the fedora 20 and the rawhide seems to be similar?

asked 2014-08-20 00:22:03 -0500

Geetha gravatar image

updated 2014-09-30 09:04:46 -0500

mether gravatar image

I have installed fedora rawhide through virtual machine for testing purpose. I have seen that the Rawhide is similar to fedora 20 with little bit changes. For example, the themes of Rawhide remains the same as Fedora 20. I have read that for every version of fedora, the desktop theme will be changed. My questions are

  • Is the desktop theme changed for every version of Fedora?
  • What is rawhide?

It may be a very silly question :).But I am a fresher to this field. If anybody answers, it helps me to understand the basic things.

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answered 2014-08-20 00:45:07 -0500

abadrinath gravatar image

updated 2014-08-20 17:59:24 -0500

What is Rawhide?

Rawhide or Fedora Rawhide is the latest, nightly (meaning it will be updated almost every night) builds for Fedora. Essentially, it is a testing ground for the stable releases that follow. Think of it as a "beta" in its almost-mature stage and an alpha at its beginning stage of development. Currently, Rawhide is in Fedora 22, 2 releases more than Fedora. Fedora Stable has to catch up, so F22 is still in the really alpha stage.

Who can/wants to use it?

For home uses, I personally wouldn't recommend using Rawhide. Usually, it is not as stable as the releases and may contain many harmful/annoying bugs that might break the system. Rawhide is for people who consider to be a developer, are a developer, want to be a developer, or people who have loads of time left and have a system at hand. If you are courageous enough, you can contribute to the code of Fedora (you need to be a little bit more advanced to do that). To contribute, please follow the instructions at:

https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Join#OS_Developer

Basically, you will need to track and report bugs, manage repositories, packaging, help with the Fedora website, and help out with Fedora in general (as in at AskFedora on FedoraForum)

Installing Rawhide

You can install Rawhide using the following methods:

Upgrade from existing version

# yum install fedora-release-rawhide yum-utils
# yum-config-manager --disable fedora updates updates-testing
# yum-config-manager --enable rawhide
# yum update yum
# yum --releasever=rawhide distro-sync --nogpgcheck

Source: https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Upgrading_Fedora_using_yum#To_rawhide

Keep in mind, if your Fedora release is old/unsupported, a fresh install might save you a lot more time and finish the job with more ease. Look at the section below to do so.

Fresh install

You can sometimes install Rawhide by using a stable install medium and pointing it to the Rawhide repository for packages to install.

Boot the most recent stable Fedora installer following the normal procedure Go to the Installation Source screen, click the On the network: button, set the dropdown box to https://, and manually enter: download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/development/rawhide/(arch)/os/ (where (arch) is x86_64 or i386 as appropriate) as the address Finish the install as normal. For this method to work, there should be no major changes in Rawhide that the installer is not ready for, such as packages it depends on being retired or other similar situations.

Source: https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Releases/Rawhide#Point_installer_to_Rawhide_repositories

Source: http://wiki.sugarlabs.org/go/Fedora_21

Sources/More info

https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Releases/Rawhide

https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/FedUp

http://rawhidewatch.wordpress.com/

http://git.fedorahosted.org/cgit/releng/tree/scripts/buildrawhide

Themes

By themes, I assume you mean either desktop theme or Plymouth theme. I will address both. Fedora Plymouth themes are determined by Fedora developers. However, these are just "defaults"; you can change them with ten clicks ;). To change them, do what he has done (yum search plymouth-theme): YO Then,

$ yum install plymouth-theme-solar ...
(more)
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answered 2014-08-20 08:00:59 -0500

hedayat gravatar image

@hello answer about rawhide is really complete! but anyway:

  1. Rawhide is the development branch of Fedora. It is where a future version of Fedora is being developed. At the time of this writing, rawhide is where Fedora 22 is being developed. Since even Fedora 21 is not released yet, it is at the very early stage of development. You'll essentially see almost the latest version of all packages (some packages might even include pre-release packages). Some time ago, Fedora 21 was branched from rawhide, and now it lives in its own branch and is a little more conservative about updates to create a stable release.

  2. Some changes land in the release branch late in the development cycle. One of them is Fedora artwork. Therefore, you might see Fedora 20 artwork in Fedora 21/Rawhide branches currently, but soon when the Fedora 21 artwork is prepared they'll be replaced in Fedora 21/Rawhide branches. So, you'll see different artwork in Rawhide, but it happens usually sometimes after the last stable release. Artwork team has its own schedule, and usually they are focuses on a single release.

    However, Artwork isn't necessarily as much as a 'theme'! AFAIK, currently, Fedora usually is using the default theme of each desktop. For example, Gnome's theme in Fedora 20 is a fairly standard Gnome 3.10 theme, but it might has a Fedora specific background (and sometimes it even uses the standard Gnome background too!).

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Asked: 2014-08-20 00:22:03 -0500

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Last updated: Aug 20 '14