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Microcode intel

asked 2018-02-24 16:20:06 -0600

userfedory gravatar image

A have:

dmesg | grep microcode
[    0.000000] microcode: microcode updated early to revision 0x22, date = 2017-01-27
[    0.011203] mce: [Hardware Error]: PROCESSOR 0:306c3 TIME 1519513601 SOCKET 0 APIC 0 microcode 22
[    0.683251] microcode: sig=0x306c3, pf=0x10, revision=0x22
[    0.683526] microcode: Microcode Update Driver: v2.2.

Next I:

dnf install microcode_ctl (or upgrade)
echo 1 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/microcode/reload
dracut -fv

or download microcode from intel and next:

dd if=microcode.dat of=/dev/cpu/microcode

but this is error and dmesg show:

[  513.265069] microcode: error! Bad data in microcode data file

or:

dd if=intel-ucode/06-3c-03 of=/dev/cpu/microcode bs=1M
dracut -fv (without reset or with reset)

this is OK, but not work, microcode is error.

How to update microcode?

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Comments

According to here the dd method is outdated and does not work anymore. There are also the valid options described. Which CPU do you want to upgrade? Check in /proc/cpuinfo. AFAIK the latest available microcode does introduce stability issues and it is not advised to install that one. In my case microcode_ctl-2.1-20.fc26 was reported by the spectre-meltdown-checker having stability issues.

thomaswood gravatar imagethomaswood ( 2018-02-25 04:26:47 -0600 )edit

It looks like you already have installed the latest revision 0x22 for your CPU which is shipped in the 20171117 package. There is a newer release 20180108, but that one is considered to cause problems. You should open a second question concerning your actual problem as this seems to be a x-y-problem, since you said something about problems with gnome.

thomaswood gravatar imagethomaswood ( 2018-02-25 11:07:02 -0600 )edit

Many errors in gnome i have "end". Now I have only one error when start gnome with information microcode etc. This is not big problem now, but I am interesting how to update microcode for no errors.

userfedory gravatar imageuserfedory ( 2018-02-25 12:10:34 -0600 )edit

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answered 2018-02-25 05:58:55 -0600

userfedory gravatar image
cat /proc/cpuinfo 
processor   : 0
vendor_id   : GenuineIntel
cpu family  : 6
model       : 60
model name  : Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-4700MQ CPU @ 2.40GHz
stepping    : 3
microcode   : 0x22
cpu MHz     : 898.196
cache size  : 6144 KB
physical id : 0
siblings    : 8
core id     : 0
cpu cores   : 4
apicid      : 0
initial apicid  : 0
fpu     : yes
fpu_exception   : yes
cpuid level : 13
wp      : yes
flags       : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx pdpe1gb rdtscp lm constant_tsc arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good nopl xtopology nonstop_tsc cpuid aperfmperf pni pclmulqdq dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx est tm2 ssse3 sdbg fma cx16 xtpr pdcm pcid sse4_1 sse4_2 movbe popcnt tsc_deadline_timer aes xsave avx f16c rdrand lahf_lm abm cpuid_fault epb invpcid_single pti tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpid fsgsbase tsc_adjust bmi1 avx2 smep bmi2 erms invpcid xsaveopt dtherm ida arat pln pts
bugs        : cpu_meltdown spectre_v1 spectre_v2
bogomips    : 4789.23
clflush size    : 64
cache_alignment : 64
address sizes   : 39 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
...

I want to update microcode because I have always ERROR report when start gnome.

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Asked: 2018-02-24 16:20:06 -0600

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Last updated: Feb 25 '18